Time for a quick science lesson (based on Environment Canada and what I remember from high school). The ozone layer protects us from the sun's UV rays. The sun helps to create and break down molecules of ozone at just the right rates such that in a healthy atmosphere, the amount of ozone (and therefore the density of the ozone layer) remains constant. All is well in the stratosphere.
Enter human technology, circa 1970. We used chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in everything from fridges and air conditioners (as a coolant) to spray cans (as a propellant) to degreasers (as a solvent) without realizing that CFCs are ozone-depleting substances. The ozone layer started thinning out about 30 years ago, and polar regions suffered the greatest (the current hole is above the Antarctic). With less ozone, more solar radiation makes it to the earth's surface, resulting in greater incidences of skin cancer and cataracts, and the widespread loss of plant life, which has a huge effect on agriculture.
Thankfully, scientists from around the world found a way to trust one another and signed the Montreal Protocol in 1987 which paved the way for CFCs to be phased out of production and use. Unfortunately, ozone-depleting substances take years to reach the stratosphere, and some do not break down for centuries; this explains the slow rate at which the ozone layer is projected to recover. But it will eventually happen!
You can read more about the United Nations study here. In the meantime, stay sun safe. You may think the threat is minimal now that fall is around the corner, but UV rays still reach us when it's cold out. Consider using a facial moisturizer that contains sunscreen, since your face is the only part of your body that remains exposed to the sun all year round. Also, UV-blocking sunglasses are important even in the middle of winter when the sun reflects off of snow. It's hard to think about that in mid-September, but it's coming!
One last thing: remember that if the global scientific community found a way to come together on this issue (though it took years), then we can be hopeful that future agreements will be signed to help fight other sources of pollution.
I'm posting another cute animal picture to keep you optimistic (and to lessen my guilty conscience about being so doom-and-gloom in my last post).
|3-day old Nigerian Dwarf goat babies Courtesy of http://cuteoverload.com|